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28 November 2014

BOOK: Duve (ed) on Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches (part of new series--Global Perspectives on Legal History 1--from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History)


Thomas Duve (ed), Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches is the first on a new series--Global Perspectives on Legal History 1--from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal HistoryIt's free online here and available in Print on Demand:


Legal History presents a broad panorama of historical processes that trigger theoretical reflections on legal transfers and legal transplants and on the problem of the reception and assimilation laws and other modes of normativity. In this volume, legal historians across the globe reflect on their analytical traditions and present case studies in order to discuss how entangled histories of law can be understood, analyzed and written.

In the first section of this volume, ‘Traditions of Transnational Legal History’, the authors revisit specific achievements and shortcomings of legal historical research against the backdrop of postcolonial and global studies. Reflections on our own disciplinary traditions that reveal the path-dependencies include critical accounts on the tradition of ‘European Legal History’,‘Codification history’, the emergence of ‘Hindu Law’, and the methodological aspects of Comparative Law.

The four articles in the second section, ‘Empires and Law’, showcase entangled legal histories forged in imperial spaces, for instance, through treaties concluded in the spheres of influence of ancient Roman Empire, which in this instance is analyzed as a process of ‘narrative transculturation’. Analogously, transnational institutions adjudicating merchant-disputes in the Early Modern Spanish Empire and normative frameworks constructed in a multilingual space shortly after its decline are analyzed as ‘diffusion and hybridization’. And finally, the spotlight is cast on the so-called ‘craftsmen of transfer’ and the bureaucrats that took practical comparative law as the basis to design the German colonial law.

In the third section, ‘Analyzing transnational law and legal scholarship in 19th and early 20th century’, seven case studies offer theoretical reflections about entangled legal histories. The discussions range from civil law codifications in Latin America as ‘reception’ or ‘normative transfers’, entangled histories of constitutionalism as ‘translations’ and ‘legal transfer’, formation of transnational legal orders in 19th century International Law and the International Law on state bankruptcies to the impact of transnational legal scholarship on criminology. All articles engage in methodological reflections and discussions about their concrete application in legal historical research.



The Peace Palace Library and Legal History


The excellent website of the Peace Palace Library (The Hague) posted three messages relevant to historians of international law:
  •  The announcement of  an upcoming lecture by dr. Maartje Abbenhuis (Auckland) on the 1899 and 19707 Hague Conferences, neutrality and the First World War (cf. dr. Abbenhuis' most recent monography on international great power politics in the long nineteenth century and neutrality at Cambridge UP)
  • An interview with Prof. dr. Henk Nellen (Erasmus University) on the publication of the English translation of his impressive Grotius-biography (link) (book webpage at Martinus Nijhoff/Brill)
  • "Grotius and the Dutch Jurists: the Bibliography Continues?" (interview with Dr. D. Osler, MPI Frankfurt) (link)

26 November 2014

SEMINAR: "Etat, société et diversité culturelle et religieuse" (Paris, December-April 2015)


WHAT: Etat, société et diversité culturelle et religieuseLES SEMINAIRES Norma 2014-2015

WHERE: 59-61 rue Pouchet, 75017 Paris M° Guy Môquet ou Brochant,RER C Porte de Clichy, Bus 66 arrêt "La Jonquière

WHEN: December-April 2015

Calendar
 
 12 december 10:00-12:00, salle 311
Karsten Lehmann, chercheur à  Vienne,"Organisations internationales et religions"

6 february 10:00-12:30, salle 159
Yves Bizeul, professeur à  Rostock,"Etat, migrations et religion en Allemagne: la gestion locale de la diversité religieuse en Allemagne"

5 march, 10:00-12.30, salle de conférences
Dominique Schnapper, Directeur d'études à l'EHESS,"L'esprit démocratique des lois"

9 april Programme en cours de définition, salle 159
Journée d'études du programme Sécularisation, post-sécularisation

 

BOOK:"Five Legal Revolutions Since the 17th Century", by Jean-Louis Halpérin


Jean-Louis Halpérin on Five Legal Revolutions Since the 17th Century. An Analysis of a Global Legal History

A new volume of the Studies in the History of Law and Justice, now available on the SpringerLink website

Table of contents 

ARTICLE: Legal History e-journal (vol. 18, No. 112, November, 2014)

Legal History e-journal, vol. 18, No. 112, November, 2014
now available online

All abstracts here 


Table of contents:

John Witte, Emory University School of Law
Christopher Manzer, Emory University
Anthony Tsontakis, Arizona Legislative Council
Magdalena Laskowska, Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas
Jongchul Kim, Columbia Law School
Willem H. Van Boom, Leiden Law School


19 November 2014

CONFERENCE: "Police et Justice: Le noeud gordien Du temps des Lumières à l’État libéral (1750-1850)" (Geneva, 20-22 November 2014)


WHAT: Police et Justice: Le noeud gordien Du temps des Lumières à l’État libéral (1750-1850), Conference

WHERE: University of Geneve - Faculty of Literature - Unité d'Histoire Moderne / Damoclès, Uni Bastions, B 111

WHEN: 20-22 November 2014


Program

20 novembre 2014
9h. - Accueil
9h30. - Mot de bienvenue: Christine CHAPPUIS, doyenne de la Fac. de droit (Uni. de Genève)
9h45. - Introduction au colloque: Marco CICCHINI, Michel PORRET (Uni. de Genève)
10h15. - SÉANCE 1. POLICE ET JUSTICE: L’EMBOÎTEMENT (I)
Présidence de séance: Vincent Milliot (Uni. de Caen)
  • Les abus de pouvoir de José Conejo, alcalde de barrio à Mexico à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, Arnaud EXBALIN (Casa de Velázquez, Madrid)
  • Policier le matin et juge l’après-midi: l’imbrication des fonctions de police et justice à Lisbonne sous l’Ancien Régime,Flávio BORDA D’ÁGUA (Uni. de Genève)
  • Justice et police dans l’Espagne des Lumières: le cas des "alcaldes de barrio" de Valladolid, Lourdes AMIGO VÁZQUEZ (Uni. de Murcia)

BOOK: "André Alciat (1492-1550): un humaniste au confluent des savoirs dans l'Europe de la Renaissance", edited by A. Rolet, S. Rolet


André Alciat (1492-1550): un humaniste au confluent des savoirs dans l'Europe de la Renaissance, edited by A. Rolet, S. Rolet

Brepols publishers, 2013
All information here

Presentation
Le volume entend réexaminer la place qu'occupe l'humaniste André Alciat dans le panorama de la Renaissance et remettre en perspective les différents ouvrages qui composent le corpus alciatique, en insérant dans leur contexte politique, intellectuel, religieux, social et économique les étapes biographiques et les activités scientifiques du juriste milanais, connu avant tout pour son recueil poétique d'Emblemata (editio princeps à Augsbourg chez Steyner en 1531). Les contributions proposées ici mettent en évidence l'étendue des domaines d'investigation embrassés par Alciat, les multiples facettes de ses compétences, la cohérence de son travail historique, juridique et philologique, et les rapports complexes qu'il entretient avec l'Antiquité gréco-romaine. Patiemment, des chercheurs venus de différentes disciplines repèrent les fils conducteurs qui structurent une œuvre touffue, s'interrogent sur les thématiques récurrentes qui participent à l'élaboration d'une méthode ou sur le rôle des modèles intertextuels, éducatifs ou professionnels. Dans cette perspective, l'observation du cadre intellectuel, politique, sociologique et anthropologique dans lequel évolue l'humaniste permet d'éclairer les forces qui nourrissent et stimulent son œuvre protéiforme: relations avec le prince et avec les institutions académiques ou universitaires; importance de la correspondance et des liens avec des figures humanistes de première importance, comme Érasme ou Budé; rôle des éditeurs dans la genèse de l'œuvre; dynamique et mobilité universitaires entre France et Italie; statut des disciplines et examen des relations qui les unissent alors; sensibilité aux courants religieux, sans oublier deux aspects essentiels: la manière dont la relation alciatique au langage symbolique et à l'eikôn, à travers les modèles antiques, a fécondé la pensée esthétique de la Renaissance; le rôle de la postérité (imitateurs, admirateurs, émules et amici) qui, en réinventant voire en trahissant l'héritage intellectuel d'Alciat, en a fait fructifier les promesses.

NOTICE: "Le droit autrement" (Nanterre, 12 December 2014)

WHAT: Le droit autrement, Journée en l’honneur de Jean-Pierre Poly

WHERE: Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, Centre d’Histoire et d’Anthropologie du Droit, Salle des Actes F141, 1er étage du bâtiment F

WHEN: 12 December 2014

Program

CONFERENCE: "Les facultés de Droit et la Grande Guerre" (Paris, 21 November 2014)


WHAT: Les facultés de Droit et la Grande Guerre, Conference

WHERE: Université Panthéon-Assas - Salle des Conseils, 12, place du Panthéon - Paris Ve

WHEN: 21 November 2014

La Société pour l'Histoire des Facultés de Droit présente la première des deux journées consacrées au thème: Les facultés de Droit et lа Grande Guerre

President de la SHFD: Pr Jean-Jacques Bienvenu
Les correspondances sont а adresser à: pierre.bonin@univ-paris1.fr

CONFERENCE: the "Lincoln Record Society's Magna Carta Conference" (Lincoln, April 7-9, 2015)


WHAT: the Lincoln Record Society's Magna Carta Conference

WHERE: University of Lincoln, University main campus, Brayford Pool, Lincoln

WHEN: April 7-9, 2015

All information here
Provisional Program

Tuesday, 7 April (afternoon)

Early Career Researchers sessions
Speakers:
Sophie Ambler (University of East Anglia), ‘Who Witnessed Magna Carta?’
  • Will Eves (University of St. Andrews), ‘Royal Justice in the Years Preceding Magna Carta: Actions of Mort D'Ancestor before King John, 1199-1216’
  • Katherine Har (University of Oxford), ‘Navigating the royal administration of justice in late twelfth- and early thirteenth-century England’
  • Joshua Hey (University of St. Andrews), ‘A Comparison of the Oaths in Magna Carta’
  • Felicity Hill (University of East Anglia), ‘Magna Carta and Pastoral Care’
  • James Richardson (University of York), ‘Ecclesiastical liberty and church reform: bishops and their dioceses in the reign of Edward I’

ARTICLE: "The Rhetoric and Reality of English Law in Colonial Maryland, Part 1 - 1632-1689", by Jeffrey K. Sawyer

Jeffrey K. Sawyer, University of Baltimore - School of Law, The Rhetoric and Reality of English Law in Colonial Maryland, Part 1 - 1632-1689Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 108, No. 4, Winter 2013, pp. 392-409

All information here

Abstract
The rule of English law in the English-speaking colonial world is at once obvious and puzzling. Along with language, the law anchored the Englishness of life in colonial America, At the same time, warring states and rival investors used law and diplomacy as weapons in their arsenals of global competition, and so the law of nations provided an unstable and frequently contested framework for exploration and settlement. The governance of struggling Atlantic settlements (especially before 1660) rose, fell, and was reconstructed with the various fortunes of each. In these early settlements there was much law-making, but law was perhaps negotiated as often as it was applied; local officials frequently adjusted English rules to local circumstances. The more historians investigate this world, the harder it is to be sure, exactly, how colonial law worked.

This article examines why a perennial contest over the precise authority of English law was so central to the rule of law in early Maryland. Two new perspectives will help further this inquiry, which has long interested colonial historians generally and historians of Maryland in particular. The first is a heightened appreciation of the fact that early American legal history unfolded in distinct phases. The second is a recognition that the contest over English law in the colonies developed along different but overlapping dimensions, a political or rhetorical dimension and an operational dimension. This latter world of law was the reality of lawsuits, debt collection, inheritance, criminal prosecutions, judgments, and so on.



BOOK: "Family, Law, and Inheritance in America: A Social and Legal History of Nineteenth-Century Kentucky" by Yvonne Pitts

Yvonne Pitts, Purdue University, Family, Law, and Inheritance in America:  A Social and Legal History of Nineteenth-Century Kentucky, Cambridge University Press

All information here

Yvonne Pitts explores inheritance practices by focusing on nineteenth-century testamentary capacity trials in Kentucky in which disinherited family members challenged relatives' wills. These disappointed heirs claimed that their departed relative lacked the capacity required to write a valid will. These inheritance disputes crisscrossed a variety of legal and cultural terrains, including ordinary people's understandings of what constituted insanity and justice, medical experts' attempts to infuse law with science, and the independence claims of women. Pitts uncovers the contradictions in the body of law that explicitly protected free will while simultaneously reinforcing the primacy of blood in mediating claims to inherited property. By anchoring the study in local communities and the texts of elite jurists, Pitts demonstrates that “capacity” was a term laden with legal meaning and competing communal values about family, race relations, and rationality. These concepts evolved as Kentucky's legal culture mutated as the state transitioned from a conflicted border state with slaves to a developing free-labor, industrializing economy.
  • Situates testamentary practices as a process which was shaped by medical and legal elites and ordinary people's notions of family, justice, and racial and gendered orders
  • Brings a new understanding to how ordinary people's conception of rationality and insanity evolved over the nineteenth century
  • Employs quantitative and qualitative analyses of almost 500 wills

18 November 2014

BOOK: "Discurso sobre el discurso. Oralidad y escritura en la cultura jurídica de la España liberal" by Carlos Petit


Dr. Carlos Petit, Discurso sobre el discurso. Oralidad y escritura en la cultura jurídica de la España liberal
Lección inaugural curso académico 2000-2001, Universidad de Huelva, 2014, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid publications

All information here

Abstract
Este estudio pone de relieve los componentes orales que recorren la cultura jurídica de la España isabelina - aunque, con alta probabilidad, muchas de las hipótesis aquí lanzadas son perfectamente aplicables a otras tradiciones americanas y europeas. Con el abogado-orador como modelo de jurista perfecto y piedra de toque de la referida cultura, se analizan sucesivamente las prácticas universitarias (lecciones, discursos de apertura, oposiciones a cátedra), la profesión forense (saberes, bibliotecas, gestos...) con atención particular a la literatura sobre elocuencia y, en fin, la actividad parlamentaria y legislativa. Se pretende así observar desde nuevas perspectivas los textos del momento 'liberal'

17 November 2014

CONFERENCE: "Law and Women: a legal historical perspective" (Barcelona, 26/27 November 2014)



WHAT:"Mujeres y derecho: una perspectiva historico-juridica", Conference

WHERE: Barcelona University, Law Faculty, 26 November,Saló de Graus de la Facultat de Dret
27 November: Aula seminari 1

WHEN: 26/27 November 2014

Prof. Dr. Francisco L. Pacheco Caballero(flpacheco@ub.edu)

13 November 2014

BOOK: "Abuse or Punishment? Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969", by Marie-Aimée Cliche (2014)


Abuse or Punishment? Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969, by Marie-Aimée Cliche, translated by W. Donald Wilson. The book is part of the Press's Studies in Childhood and Family in Canada SeriesWilfred Laurier University Press

All information here

Description:

At one time, the use of corporal punishment by parents in child-rearing was considered normal, but in the second half of the nineteenth century this begin to change, in Quebec as well as the rest of the Western world. It was during this period that the extent of ill-treatment inflicted on children—treatment once excused as good child-rearing practice—was discovered.
This book analyzes both the advice provided to parents and the different forms of child abuse within families. Cliche derives her information from family magazines, reports and advice columns in newspapers, people’s life stories, the records of the Montreal Juvenile Court, and even comic strips. Two dates are given particular focus: 1920, with the trial of the parents of Aurore Gagnon, which sensitized the public to the phenomenon of “child martyrs;” and 1940, with the advent of the New Education movement, which was based on psychology rather than strict discipline and religious doctrine.
There has always been child abuse. What has changed is society’s sensitivity to it. That is why defenders of children’s rights call for the repeal of Section 43 of the Canadian Criminal Code, which authorizes “reasonable” corporal punishment. Abuse or Punishment? considers not only the history of violence toward children in Quebec but the history of public perception of this violence and what it means for the rest of Canada.

NOTICE: Online Sources on Australasian Legal History



A press release from the TC Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland reports that a grant from the Australian Research Council to the Australasian Legal Information Institute will make possible “a massive expansion of free access online to Australasian legal history through digitisation and data aggregation. The Legal History Libraries on AustLII will become a comprehensive trans-Tasman collection from 1788-1999, including all reported case series and those from colonial newspaper reports, and all Acts enacted, plus key collections of historical Bills, Gazettes, legal commentaries, and Parliamentary reports.”


CONFERENCE & CFP: "Old and New Worlds: The Global Challenges of Rural History,” (Lisbon, 28-30 January 2016)


WHAT: Old and New Worlds: The Global Challenges of Rural History, Conference and Call for Panels 

WHERE:  ISCTE- University Institute of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

WHEN: 28-30 January 2016

all information here


Over the last 500 years, the inter-relations between civilisations and cultures across the globe have had multiple effects on agriculture, property, natural resources and rural societies. They brought about the circulation of people, plants, animals and diseases; transfers of techniques, knowledge, institutions and legal norms; changes in diet habits, land uses and landscapes; extensive appropriation and expropriation of property rights; and changes in produce and factor markets (land, capital, labour) at a global scale.
Research on these topics has been attracting scholars with a variety of backgrounds, from environmental to cultural history, from social to legal history, from economic history to the history of science, among others.
The concern to open up and globalise the research in rural history, both historically and historiographically, draws the guideline for this international conference. It is intended to be a forum where to present new findings and new perspectives on any aspect of those global dynamics, and where to discuss the major theoretical, methodological and historiographical challenges now facing rural history.
This call for panels (open to scholars of all nationalities, disciplinary areas and historical periods) has been extended until 25 November 2014.  See the full CFP and more info on the conference website.  The conference email is lisbon2016rh@gmail.com.

FELLOWSHIP: "The Baldy Center for Law & Social Policy Felloships" (2015/2016)


WHAT: The Baldy Center for Law & Social Policy, Fellowships, Call for applications 

WHERE: State University of New York, Buffalo

WHEN: 2015-16

The Baldy Center for Law & Social Policy at the State University of New York at Buffalo plans to award several fellowships for 2015-16 to scholars pursuing important topics in law, legal institutions, and social policy. Applications are invited from junior and senior scholars from law, the humanities, and the social sciences. 

Fellows are expected to participate regularly in Baldy Center events, but otherwise have no obligations beyond vigorously pursuing their research. Fellows receive standard university research privileges (access to university libraries, high-speed Internet, office space, computer equipment, phone, website space, working paper series, etc.) and are encouraged to develop collaborative research projects with SUNY Buffalo faculty members where appropriate. Those who wish to teach a course to aid their research or gain teaching experience can be accommodated on a case-by-case basis.

Post-Doctoral Fellowships are available to individuals who have completed the PhD or JD but have not yet begun a tenure track appointment. Post-Doctoral Fellows will receive a stipend of $40,000 and may apply for up to $2000 in professional travel support. For 2015-16 the Baldy Center also plans to co-sponsor one post-doctoral fellowship focused on the Transnational Business Interactions Framework with York University. Further information on this fellowship is available below.

Mid-Career and Senior Fellowships are available to established scholars who wish to work at the Center, typically during a sabbatical or research leave. Awardees will receive a living expense allowance of $1,500 per month during the period of their residence.

BOOK: "Protocols of Justice: The Pinkas of the Metz Rabbinic Court, 1771-1789", by Jay R. Berkovitz


Jay R. Berkovitz, University of Massachusetts, Protocols of Justice: The Pinkas of the Metz Rabbinic Court, 1771-1789,  Brill Academic Publishers

all information here

Presented here to the public for the first time, the Pinkas of the Metz Beit Din is the official register of civil cases that came before the Metz rabbinic court in the two decades prior to the French Revolution. Brimming with details of commercial transactions, inheritance disputes, women's roles in economic life, and the interplay between French law and Jewish law, the Metz Pinkas offers remarkable evidence of the engagement of Jews with the surrounding society and culture. The two volumes of Protocols of Justice comprise the complete text of the Metz Pinkas Beit Din, which is fully annotated by the author, and a thorough analysis of its significance for history and law at the threshold of modernity.

ARTICLE: "The Revolutionary Portfolio: Constitution-Making and the Wider World in the American Revolution", by D.J. Hulsebosch (2014)

D.J. Hulsebosch, New York University School of Law, on The Revolutionary Portfolio: Constitution-Making and the Wider World in the American Revolution,  Suffolk University Law Review, Vol. 47, 2014 , NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-56 

full text here

Abstract
This article argues that American constitution-making in the founding era was an international process. At the outset of the Revolution, the Continental Congress and the revolutionary assemblies collaborated to construct a portfolio of foundational documents that American diplomats carried across the Atlantic to seek European support. In the spring and summer of 1776, Congress drafted three of the documents: the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Model Treaty. At exactly the same time, Congress recommended that the states draft a fourth type of document: state constitutions. Two dimensions of internationalism operated in the making of this portfolio. One was classically diplomatic: The documents were designed to persuade foreign states and their subjects to acknowledge American independence. The other was cultural and intellectual: The concepts and language with which the revolutionaries drafted their portfolio were part of a common transatlantic political culture, and the resulting documents were premised on the Enlightenment goal of redesigning government within and among nations to foster commerce and reduce the propensity for war. The portfolio thereby contributed to what can be called the "Constitutional Enlightenment." This second dimension was related to the first, in that legible government would help induce Europeans to see the American states as true states. The transatlantic elements of the portfolio provided European audiences with a stylized description of governance on the ground and an aspirational program for the new governments in progress. However, this intellectual dimension was also autonomous from diplomacy because it permitted Europeans to detach the revolutionary portfolio from the human events transpiring in North America and make it the object of transnational discussion about the optimal forms of institutional design, a discussion that could in turn be brought to bear on politics in Europe. The portfolio therefore helped transform the classical study of politics into the modern and potentially revolutionary project of comparative constitutionalism.

CFA: The "Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History" (Madison, June 14-27, 2015)

WHAT: The Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History, Call for applications

WHERE: University of Wisconsin Law School,975 Bascom Mall, Madison, WI 53706

WHEN: June 14-27, 2015

All information here

Application period: 12/1/14 - 1/15/15

The American Society for Legal History and the Institute for Legal Studies at the University of Wisconsin Law School are pleased to invite applications for the eighth biennial Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History. The purpose of the Hurst Institute is to advance the approach to legal scholarship fostered by J. Willard Hurst in his teaching, mentoring, and scholarship. The “Hurstian perspective” emphasizes the importance of understanding law in context; it is less concerned with the characteristics of law as developed by formal legal institutions than with the way in which positive law manifests itself as the “law in action.” The Hurst Institute assists scholars from law, history, and other disciplines in pursuing research in legal history.
The 2015 Hurst Institute will be chaired by Barbara Young Welke, Distinguished McKnight University Professor, Professor of History and Professor of Law, and Co-Director of the Program in Law and History at the University of Minnesota. The previous Hurst Institute sessions were led by distinguished legal history scholars Lawrence M. Friedman (Stanford University), Robert W. Gordon (Yale and Stanford), Barbara Young Welke (University of Minnesota), and Hendrik Hartog (Princeton University).  
The two-week program is structured but informal, and features presentations by guest scholars, discussions of core readings in legal history, and analysis of the work of the participants in the Institute. The general format includes intensive daily sessions Monday-Friday that run through mid-afternoon, a few scheduled social events, and some free time for additional discussion, reading and research. Fellows will have the opportunity to conduct archival work at the Wisconsin Historical Society. (The Society holds a vast array of primary documents and is particularly strong in areas involving nineteenth and twentieth century social movements and labor activism. In addition, the Library possesses an excellent collection of federal and state government material which is largely un-cataloged.)
The ASLH Hurst Selection Committee will select twelve Fellows to participate in this event.

ARTICLE: "Sex and Marriage in the Protestant Tradition: 1500-1900", by J. Witte (2014)


J. Witte, Emory University School of Law, on Sex and Marriage in the Protestant Tradition: 1500-1900Forthcoming  in Emory Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-311 

full text here

Abstract

This Article analyzes the mainline Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican models of sex, marriage, and family and their gradual liberalization by Enlightenment liberalism. The theological differences between these models can be traced to their grounding in Lutheran two kingdoms doctrines, Calvinist covenantal theology, Anglican commonwealth theory, and Enlightenment contractarian logic. Lutherans consigned primary marital jurisdiction to the territorial prince or urban council. Calvinists assigned interlocking marital roles to local consistories and city councils. Anglicans left marital jurisdiction to church courts, subject to state oversight and legislation. The early Enlightenment philosophers, many of them Protestants, pressed for a sharper separation of church and state in the governance of marriage, and for stronger protections of the rights and equality of women and children within and beyond the marital household. But they maintained traditional Protestant prohibitions extramarital sex and no-fault divorce in an effort to protect especially women and children from exploitation.


JOURNAL: "American Journal of Legal History" (Issue 54:4, October 2014)


American Journal of Legal History Issue 54:4, October 2014

Contents


Alison W. Conner, “The Lawyer Who Haunts Us: Yin Zhaoshi and the Bright Day”

Charles J. Sheehan, “Solicitor General Charles Fahy and Honorable Defense of the Japanese-American Exclusion Cases”

BOOK: "Paths to the Bench: The Judicial Appointment Process in Manitoba, 1870-1950", by Dale Brawn (2014)


Dale Brawn,  Laurentian University, Paths to the Bench: The Judicial Appointment Process in Manitoba, 1870-1950Law and Society Series, University of British Columbia Press, 2014

All information here

A lawyer wanting to become a judge in early 20th-century Manitoba could attract the attention of his peers through his work -- but it was a friendship with a powerful mentor that got him to the bench. 

In Paths to the Bench, Dale Brawn looks at the appointments and careers of early judges who were charged with laying the legal foundations of a province. With much at stake, judicial appointments were as much about personal ties and politics as they were about ability. Beliefs were scrutinized to ensure that they would not impede the province’s, and the nation’s, growth, while ongoing mentorships ensured that these beliefs were cultivated through shared kinship groups. 

By looking at both official records and correspondence from this era, Brawn uncovers the highly political nature of the judicial appointment process and the intricate bonds that ensured that judges acquired the values not of their society, but of their fellowship groups. His in-depth analysis also examines the distinct career trajectories of less competent and more competent lawyers and considers why many of the best and brightest members of the bar did not go to the bench.