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22 May 2018

CONFERENCE: Journées internationales de la Société d'Histoire du Droit de Bologne, "L'enseignement du droit" (24-27 May 2018)

(image source: IHD-CNRS)

The programme for the Journées internationales de la Société d'Histoire du Droit, focusing this year on Legal Education or Teaching Law, has now been published.

More information here.

CONFERENCE: Vivre et revivre mai 68 dans les Facultés de droit - Témoignages et commentaires [Société pour l'Histoire des Faculté de Droit] (Paris: Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, Salle des Conseils, 30 May 2018)

(image source: Le Parisien)

Programme

9h30 Première partie (Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, Salle des Conseils)

Sous la présidence de Gilles Dumont, professeur à l'Université de Nantes
Avec la participation de :
  • Erik Neveu, professeur à l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Rennes,
  • André Legrand, ancien recteur, président honoraire de l’Université Paris Nanterre,
  • Danielle Lochak, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris Nanterre,
  • Jean-Pierre Poly, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris Nanterre.

14h30 Deuxième partie (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Salle 216)

Sous la présidence de Didier Truchet, professeur émérite de l'Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II), président de la Société pour l’histoire des Facultés de droit
Avec la participation de :
  • Jean-Philippe Tonneau, post-doctorant à l’Université de Nantes,
  • Jacques Moreau, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris II (Panthéon-Assas),
  • Jean Combacau, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris II (Panthéon-Assas),
  • Jean-Pierre Machelon, professeur émérite de l’Université Paris-Descartes.


Entrée libre sans réservation

(source: Prof. Pierre Bonin/Paris 1)

21 May 2018

CONFERENCE: 15. Internationaler Kongress zur Diplomatik (Leipzig, 4-6 Oct 2018); DEADLINE FOR REGISTRATION 15 SEP 2018

Kontakt und Organisation
Dr. des. Sebastian Roebert
Tel.: +49 (0)341 97 37 083

Dr. des. Eric Böhme
Tel.: +49 (0)341 97 37 112
Mail:   

Um Anmeldung wird gebeten bis 15. September 2018.
Für Fragen und Hilfestellungen für die Organisation Ihrer Übernachtung wenden Sie sich bitte an die Organisatoren der Tagung.

Veranstaltungsort

Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig
Karl-Tauchnitz-Str. 1
04107 Leipzig

Programm-Flyer zum Download (pdf)

Quellen zur Geschichte der „internationalen“ Beziehungen zwischen politischen Zentren in Europa und der Mittelmeerwelt (ca. 800–1600): Briefe – Urkunden – Verträge

PROGRAMM


Donnerstag, 04. Oktober 2018


9.00-9.30 Uhr
Grußworte

OLIVIER GUYOTJEANNIN (Paris)
Eröffnung der Tagung

WOLFGANG HUSCHNER (Leipzig)
Einführung in die Tagung

NORDEUROPA

9.30-10.00 Uhr
MARKUS HEDEMANN (Kopenhagen)
The Kalmar Treaty: Historiography and Political Background

10.00-10.30 Uhr
CLAES GEJROT (Stockholm)
The Kalmar Treaty: Texts and Language. Some Formal and Diplomatic Aspects

10.30-10.45 Uhr
Diskussion

10.45-11.00 Uhr
Pause

11.00-11.30 Uhr
JO RUNE UGULEN (Oslo)
The Kalmar Treaty: Who Were the People Involved? A Norwegian Perspective

11.30-12.00 Uhr
ANDERS LEEGAARD KNUDSEN (Kopenhagen)
The Kalmar Treaty: Filing and Exemplifying the Documents

12.00-12.15 Uhr
Diskussion

12.15-13.30 Uhr
Mittagspause

OST-, MITTEL- UND SÜDOSTEUROPA

13.30-14.00 Uhr
SERGEY KASHTANOV/NIKITA KOMOCHEV (Moskau)
Die Verträge zwischen Livland und Russland (15.–16. Jahrhundert)

14.00-14.30 Uhr
SVEN JAROS (Leipzig)
Von Krewo bis Lublin. Stadien, Akteure und Kontexte der polnisch-litauischen Union im Spiegel ausgewählter Dokumente (14.–16. Jahrhundert)

14.30-14.45 Uhr
Diskussion

14.45-15.00 Uhr
Pause

15.00-15.30 Uhr
ŽARKO VUJOŠEVIĆ/NEBOJŠA PORČIĆ (Belgrad)
Die Verträge zwischen Serbien und Dubrovnik (Ragusa): Die politischen Beziehungen im Spiegel von diplomatischen Formen (XII.-XV. Jh.)

15.30-16.00 Uhr
ANDREAS MÜLLER (Wien)
Aus den letzten Tagen von Byzanz: Der chrysoboullos logos von Konstantinos XI. Palaiologos vom Juni 1451 für Ragusa

16.00-16.15 Uhr
Diskussion

16.15-16.30 Uhr
Pause

16.30-17.00 Uhr
KORNÉL SZOVÁK (Budapest)
Ungarisch-tschechische Friedensverträge im 13. Jahrhundert

17.00-17.30 Uhr
GYÖRGY RÁCZ (Budapest)
Charters and Letters of the Congress of Visegrád in 1335

17.30-17.45 Uhr
Diskussion

18.15-19.15 Uhr
Assemblée Générale der Commission Internationale de Diplomatique

19.30 Uhr
Abendessen

Freitag, 5. Oktober 2018


MITTEL-, SÜD- und WESTEUROPA

9.00-9.30 Uhr
MARK MERSIOWSKY (Stuttgart)
Diplomatischer Schriftwechsel in der Karolingerzeit. Eine Spurensuche

9.30-10.00 Uhr
IRMGARD FEES (München)
Die Verträge zwischen Friedrich Barbarossa und Venedig

10.00-10.30 Uhr
DALIBOR HAVEL (Brno)
Schriftliche Kommunikation der böhmischen Länder mit der römischen Kurie am Ende des 13. Jahrhunderts

10.30-10.45 Uhr
Diskussion

10.45-11.00 Uhr
Pause

11.00-11.30 Uhr
THÉRÈSE DE HEMPTINNE/ELS DE PAERMENTIER (Gent)
Performing victory and defeat through charters. Material context and social perception of the early 13th-century treaties concluded between the French King and the Count of Flanders

11.30-12.00 Uhr
ANDREA STIELDORF (Bonn)
Das Bündnis zwischen König Adolf I. (von Nassau) und dem englischen König Edward I. (1294) und der Zufall der Überlieferung

12.00-12.30 Uhr
JAN W. J. BURGERS (Amsterdam)
Travelling Clerks. The International Outlook of the Clerks at the Princely Courts of the Low Countries, 1280-1350

12.30-12.45 Uhr
Diskussion

12.45-14.00 Uhr
Mittagspause

14.00-14.30 Uhr
ELLEN WIDDER (Tübingen)
Von Fernost ins Abendland. Die Briefe mongolischer Herrscher an den König von Frankreich (um 1300)

14.30-15.00 Uhr
SZILÁRD SÜTTŐ (Miskolc, Ungarn)
Die Urkunden vom 28. Juli 1385 über die geplante Ehe zwischen Wilhelm von Habsburg und der ungarisch-polnischen Königstochter Hedwig im Wiener Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv und die Umstände ihrer Ausfertigung

15.00.15.15 Uhr
Diskussion

15.15-15.30 Uhr
Pause

15.30-16.00 Uhr
MARIA HELENA DA CRUZ COELHO (Coimbra, Portugal)
The Union of Leonor of Portugal with the Emperor Frederick III of Germany: Marriage Contract, Charters, Letters and Narratives

16.00-16.30 Uhr
OLIVIER PONCET (Paris)
Le traité de paix universelle de Londres (1518)

16.30-16.45 Uhr
Diskussion

16.45-17.00 Uhr
Pause

SÜDEUROPA UND DAS MEDITERRANEUM

17.00-17.30 Uhr
MARÍA JOSEFA SANZ FUENTES/MIGUEL CALLEJA PUERTA (Oviedo)
Diplomatic Relations between the Kingdoms of León and Castile and Their Neighbours (1140–1230 ca.)

17.30-18.00 Uhr
MARÍA LUISA PARDO RODRÍGUEZ (Sevilla)/IGNASI J. BAIGES JARDÍ (Barcelona)
Tratados, documentos y cartas entre las Coronas de Aragón y Castilla: la Guerra de los Dos Pedros (1356 y 1369)

18.00-18.15 Uhr
Diskussion


Samstag, 6. Oktober 2018



9.00-9.30 Uhr
MARIA CRISTINA ALMEIDA E CUNHA ALEGRE/JOSÉ MARQUES (Porto)
The Treaty of Tordesillas between Portugal and Castile (June, 7, 1494)

9.30-10.00 Uhr
MARTA CALLERI (Mailand)/ANTONELLA ROVERE (Genua)
Trattati e dintorni: Genova e Bisanzio nella seconda metà del secolo XII

10.00-10.15 Uhr
Diskussion

10.15-10.30 Uhr
Pause

10.30-11.00 Uhr
CRISTINA MANTEGNA (Rom)
I trattati tra Venezia e i regni musulmani e arabi d'Oriente e d'Occidente (XI-XIV secolo)

11.00-11.30 Uhr
ANTONELLA GHIGNOLI (Rom)
Trent'anni dopo. Ritorno sulle tracce scritte dei rapporti tra Pisa e il Maghreb nel medioevo (secoli XII-XIV)

11.30-11.45 Uhr
Diskussion

11.45-12.00 Uhr
Pause

12.00-12.30 Uhr
FRÉDÉRIC BAUDEN (Lüttich)/MARTA MANSO RUBIO (Barcelona)
L’alliance conclue entre le sultan mamelouk Khalīl et le roi d’Aragón Jacques II en 693/1293

12.30-13.00 Uhr
ANA LABARTA (Valencia)/ROSER SALICRÚ (Barcelona)
Le traité de paix bilingue entre le Royaume de Grenade et la Couronne d’Aragon de 1405

13.00-13.15 Uhr
Diskussion

13.15-13.30 Uhr
Abschluss der Tagung


(source: Dr. Caroline Laske/Ghent Legal History Institute)

CALL FOR PAPERS: SEMINAR: On the Origins of International Legal Thought (Cambridge: Lauterpacht Centre, 7 Dec 2018); DEADLINE 31 JUL 2018


(image source: Lauterpacht centre)

Comprehension of the development of legal thought over time is necessary for any historical, philosophical, practical, or theoretical enquiry into the subject today. Perspective is everything. When seen against the background of broad geopolitical, diplomatic, administrative, intellectual, religious, and commercial changes, law begins to appear very resilient. It withstands the rise and fall of empires. It provides the framework for the establishment of new orders in the place of the old. Today what analogies, principles, and authorities of law have survived these changes continue to inform so much of the international legal tradition, and it is unobvious why tomorrow will be any different.

An intimate seminar will take place across one day at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law towards the end of Michaelmas Term. Participation is open to academics from around the world. The conference is free, with little chance of a per diem reimbursement, however there may be some prospect for the remuneration of a portion of travel and accommodation expenses in exceptional cases.

A handful of candidates will be invited to participate personally, and this line-up will be confirmed at a later date. On top of this, there are between three and four positions available to be filled. Although the call is open to historians and legal scholars working in any period from Ancient Rome to the present, preference will be shown towards historical research framed within the period between 1860 and 1939, especially if concern is shown for private international law, public international law, or legal/state personality in this period. Sympathy towards imperial, interpolitical, and/or interreligious perspectives will be especially welcome. More than anything else, participants should be prepared to contemplate the dynamism of legal thought in various contexts. If your work meets a good standard, there is every prospect of inclusion within an edited collection of chapters, entitled Empire and Legal Thought (Oxford University Press). If you would like to be included within this collection, a full chapter of 8,000 words will need to be provided before the end of the calendar year. Please, therefore, send an abstract of between 200 and 500 words, along with some indication of whether or not you would like to contribute a chapter to a volume for OUP, to lawandempirecambridge@gmail.com, by July 31st, 2018. All things considered, participants who are prepared to publish a chapter along the lines of the presentation will be favoured at the shortlisting stage.

This seminar will be organised and led by Dr Edward Cavanagh FRHistS is a Fellow of Downing College, a Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre of International Law, an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Commonwealth Studies, and a member of the Faculty of History at the University of Cambridge. He has published several articles across law and history in a number of well reputed outlets, including Law and History Review, Itinerario, Modern Intellectual History, Historical Journal, Comparative Legal History, History Compass, South African Journal on Human Rights, and Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History.

19 May 2018

REMINDER: JHIL Conference February 2019: Politics and the Histories of International Law (MPIL Heidelberg; DEADLINE 31 MAY 2018)


We have the following Call for Papers for a conference on “Politics and the Histories of International Law” by the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law.

CONFERENCE THEME

L’histoire n’est pas une religion. L’historien n’accepte aucun dogme, ne respecte aucun interdit, ne connaît pas de tabous. Il peut être dérangeant. - LIBERTÉ POUR L’HISTOIRE, 2005

Almost all scholarship on international law and its history has political implications. Some say that international legal scholarship is inevitably ideological in nature and that its findings depend on concealed political preferences. Put differently, legal scholarship could be nothing more than the pseudo-objective defence of ruling ideologies. Most famously, Hans Kelsen had denounced a ‘tendency wide-spread among writers on international law’ to produce ‘political ideology’. Kelsen sought to escape this by writing books of a ‘purely juristic character’ (Principles of International Law, 2nd ed. 1967, ix). In his foreword to the commentary on the UN Charter of 1950, he stressed that ‘separation of law from politics in the presentation of national or international problems is possible’ (The Law of the United Nations, 1950, viii).

Many nowadays doubt that purging international legal scholarship of politics would work. In 2004, Martti Koskenniemi put this as follows: ‘The choice is not between law and politics, but between one politics of law, and another. Everything is at stake, but not for everyone’ (EJIL 16 (2005), 123).
So, which factors ‘politicise’ international legal scholarship? The first factor is that the object under investigation is itself a political matter. International law has throughout its history been political, because its content depends on the political power of the parties negotiating the treaties, and because it transports political values.

Scholars themselves cannot completely avoid being more or less political actors, because their value judgements, which are inescapable, often carry political implications. However, an important difference between doing scholarship and doing politics lies in the authors’ main intention: It is, ideal-typically, not the primary purpose of scholarship to make politics and unbounded evaluation but to generate knowledge − which could then be used politically, by the author herself or by others. Along this line, most scholars of history seek to uncover various aspects of past events and debates and to contextualise them, thereby realising a modicum of objectivity and neutrality. Some consciously try to avoid judgment, while others are more prone to judging deliberately and to employing historical insights in contemporary political debates.

Research on the history of international law is not only inherently political but moreover specifically ‘risk-prone’. Writing on topics such as genocide, state of exception, failed states, humanitarian intervention, asymmetrical war, or cyber-attacks is especially liable to being used and abused by participants in political controversies. In fact, when it comes to writing history, the fight over master narratives is especially fierce, among governments, in different academic camps, and between governments and academics. The notorious example are memory laws which consecrate specific views on atrocities of the past (especially genocidal massacres) and which sometimes additionally criminalise the denial of those atrocities. These attempts to close historical debates by law have been criticised by historians, most famously in the petition ‘Liberté pour l‘histoire’ by French historians reacting against various French memory laws.

To conclude, the interpretations of historical events are almost inescapably political, and potentially have the power to shape international relations: ‘On résiste à l’invasion des armées; on ne résiste pas à l’invasion des idées’ (Victor Hugo, Histoire d’un crime, 1877/2009, 639). It is against this background that the rights and responsibilities of those researching on the history of international law should be seen.

The JHIL invites scholars to engage with the questions of the role of politics and ideology in the historiographies of international law. We welcome propositions for papers which address methodological questions, as well as case studies or historiographical analyses that focus on certain contentious subjects within the field of international law and its history

PRACTICAL MATTERS

  • Date: The conference will last from Friday morning, 15 February to Saturday noon (16 February 2019). It will start with an informal get-together on Thursday evening, 14 February.
  • Venue: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and Public International Law, Im Neuenheimer Feld 535, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Scholars who would like to present a paper at the conference are invited to submit a title and abstract (250–500 words) to the managing editor of the JHIL (submissions.jhil@mpil.de) before 1 June 2018. Abstracts will be assessed by the editors of the JHIL with involvement of the journal’s Academic Advisory Board. A decision on acceptance of the abstract will be communicated by 1 July 2018.
  • Authors of accepted abstracts will be requested to submit their draft papers by 1 February 2019. The draft will be circulated among participants (authors and admitted engaged listeners).
  • Final versions of the papers will be due by 30 March 2019. Papers will then be submitted to the normal review procedure of the JHIL, online at: editorial manager.com/jhil.
  • See the “Instructions for authors” online at: brill.com/files/brill.nl/specific/ authors_instructions/JHIL.pdf.
  • The Max Planck Institute will cover the costs of the accommodation of accepted paper presenters (up to three nights) and will offer a needs-based subsidy towards travel costs.
  • An additional call for engaged listeners will be issued shortly.
  • For updated technical information on the conference see mpil.de/en/pub/ publications/periodic-publications/jhil.cfm.


For more information, please visit the website of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law

JOURNAL: Dix-septième siècle n° 279 (2018/2)

(image source: CAIRN)

Hommages à Roger Zuber

Présentation : le droit de la logique (Andrea Costa, Arnaud Pelletier)
La Combinatoire juridique de Bernardus de Lavinheta (Andrea Costa)
Greffes de sources talmudiques dans les théories du droit naturel du XVIIe siècle (Stefan Goltzberg)
Logica ad moralia applicata. Sur la genèse du projet leibnizien d'une nouvelle logique et ses sources juridques (Francesco Piro)
Contrafactuels dans le droit ? Hypothèses et mondes possibles (Enrico Pasini)
La propriété est-elle un droit ? Logique juridique et pensée politique chez Leibniz (Luca Basso)

Fénelon dans la culture néo-hellénique (XVIIIe-XIXe siècles) (Stessi Athini)
La philosophie de Fénelon devant la crique. À propos d'un mémoire de Jacques Rivière et d'un livre récent de François Trémolières (François-Xavier Cuche)

Parler à des sourds. Les apostrophes métaleptiques dans le roman du XVIIIe siècle (Lise Charles)

Articles accessible through cairn.

18 May 2018

JOURNAL: European Journal of International Law XXIX (2018), No. 1


(image source: artble.com)


The latest issue of the European Journal of International Law, the official organ of the European Society of International Law, published its latest issue. Several contributions touch on either the foundations or the historical development of international law.

Contents:
Eyal Benvenisti, 'Upholding Democracy Amid the Challenges of New Technology: What Role for the Law of Global Governance?'
Wolfgang Alschner, Damien Charlotin, 'The Growing Complexity of the International Court of Justice’s Self-Citation Network'
Hendrik Simon, 'The Myth of Liberum Ius ad Bellum: Justifying War in 19th-Century Legal Theory and Political Practice'
Ignacio de la Rasilla, 'A Very Short History of International Law Journals (1869–2018)'

Focus: International Economic Law 
Sungjoon Cho, Jürgen Kurtz, 'Convergence and Divergence in International Economic Law and Politic'
Christopher Vajda, 'The EU and Beyond: Dispute Resolution in International Economic Agreements'

Symposium: International Law and the First World War International Law before 1914 and the Outbreak of War
Gabriela A Frei, 'International Law and the First World War: Introduction'
Jochen von Bernstorff, 'The Use of Force in International Law before World War I: On Imperial Ordering and the Ontology of the Nation-State'

Critical Review of International Jurisprudence 
Alan Desmond, 'The Private Life of Family Matters: Curtailing Human Rights Protection for Migrants under Article 8 of the ECHR?'

Critical Review of International Governance 
Joel A Dennerley, 'State Liability for Space Object Collisions: The Proper Interpretation of ‘Fault’ for the Purposes of International Space Law'

Review Essay 
Charlotte Peevers, 'Liberal Internationalism, Radical Transformation and the Making of World Orders'

Book Reviews

More information here.

CONFERENCE: 42. Deutscher Rechtshistorikertag: Zentren und Peripherien in der Geschichte des Rechts (Trier, 16-20 Sep 2018)

(image: Uni Trier)

The forty-second Deutscher Rechtshistorikertag will take place in Trier, from 16 to 20 September 2018.

Program and registration can be found here.

CONFERENCE: Stream on “Legal History (The Legal Foundation of the Modern State)" (15th Annual International Conference on Law, Athens Law Journal); DEADLINE 4 JUNE 2018


(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

The Law Unit and the History Unit of ATINER will hold a Stream on “Legal History (The Legal Foundation of the Modern State)”, 16-19 July 2018, Athens, Greece as part of the 15th Annual International Conference on Law sponsored by the Athens Journal of Law and the Athens Journal of History.
The purpose of the interdisciplinary miniature stream is to introduce such legal institutions that have an effect on the development of the internal judiciary systems of different countries and are much in evidence in the contemporary legal reforms related to the foundation of the modern state. The combined examination of history and law can draw the attention of the legislators and legal historians of the 21st Century to the importance of such legal institutions which, if observed from the point of view of legal history, can assist modern codification. The historical legal institutions appearing in the law currently in effect, with the aid of a certain legal “restoration”, can help their understanding, however it does not simply require some sort of theoretical, dogmatic examination but also the analysis of the legal practice and the praxis. Due to the topic of the interdisciplinary stream, this may not only be interesting for people working in the field of law or legal history, but can also get the attention of historians and scientists and researchers working on other, various fields. Through the complex and comparative assessment of the different branches of law, we can come up with a general picture on the development and the role in contemporary legal development of each and every legal institution.
Fee structure information is available on www.atiner.gr/2018fees.


Special arrangements will be made with a local hotel for a limited number of rooms at a special conference rate. In addition, a number of special events will be organized: A pragmatic symposium (as organized in Ancient Athens but fine tuned to synchronous ethics), a special one-day educational island tour, a Mycanae and island of Poros visit, an Athens educational walking tour, an one-day visit to Delphi and an ancient Corinth and Cape Sounion visit. Details of the social program are available here.
Please submit an abstract (email only) to: atiner@atiner.gr, using the abstract submission form by the 4 June2018 to: Dr. Varga Norbert, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Szeged, Hungary. Please include: Title of Paper, Full Name (s), Current Position, Institutional Affiliation, an email address and at least 3 keywords that best describe the subject of your submission. Decisions are reached within 4 weeks.

16 May 2018

CONFERENCE: Lay Advocacy in the Pre-modern World (University of Turku, 28-29 May 2018)



Please find below the programme for the conference “Lay Advocacy in the Pre-modern World”, to be held in Turku later this month.

Venue: Calonia, Caloniankuja 3 (Seminarhall Cal1006)
Schedule: 28–29 May, 2018
Organiser: Faculty of Law and Legal Literacy in Finland 1750–1920 Academy of Finland project

Programme
Monday 28 May 2018
17.00-17.15​
​Welcome
​17.15-18.30
​Keynote Lecture:
Sir 
John Baker: The Regulation of Advocacy in Medieval and Early-Modern England
​ 19.00
​Conference Dinner

 Tuesday 29 May 2018
​9.30-10.30
​Raffaella Bianchi Riva: Lay Advocacy in the Treatises on Legal Profession: The Debate Surrounding Legal Ethics in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period

Mia Korpiola: Advocates before Official Advocacy: Lay Advocacy in the Stockholm Town Court ca. 1615
​10.30-10.45
​Coffee break
​10.45-11.45
Josep Capdeferro: "Síndics" in Early Modern Catalan Society: Legal Skills through Experience

Petteri Impola: Lay Advocacy in the Court Records of Seventeenth-Century Sweden: Methodological Approach
​11.45-13.00
​Lunch
​13.00-14.15
​Keynote Lecture:
Kjell Åke Modéer: From Amateurship to Quasi-professional Lawyering: Laymen’s Participation in Swedish Judicial Culture 1850–1950
​14.15-14.30
​Break
​14.30-16.00
Marianne Vasara-Aaltonen: Lay Advocates at the Town Courts of Kuopio and Vaasa in Nineteenth-century Finland

Zeynep Yazici Caglar: The Way to Define the Barrister in 19th Century England – Bar Examination

Anna Kuismin: Representations of Lay Scribes and Advocates in Finnish Newspapers and Fiction from the 1840s to the 1920s
​16.00-16.30
​Coffee break
16.30-17.45
​Keynote Lecture:
Jane Burbank: Advocacy and sovereignty: Perspectives from Russia
​19.30
​Dinner

For more information, see the conference page

15 May 2018

JOURNAL: Law and History Review XXXVI (2018), No. 2


(Source: Cambridge Core)

The Law and History Review just released its newest issue.

Contents:

In This Issue v
Articles
Heart of Ice: Indigenous Defendants and Colonial Law in the Canadian North-West
Catherine L. Evans 199
Peripheral Vision: Polish-Jewish Lawyers and Early Israeli Law
Assaf Likhovski 235
The Prosecution of Rape in Wartime: Evidence from the Mau Mau Rebellion, Kenya 1952–60
David M. Anderson and Julianne Weis 267
Revocation of Citizenship and Rule of Law: How Judicial Review Defeated Britain’s First Denaturalization Regime
Patrick Weil and Nicholas Handler 295
Colonial Charters: Possessory or Regulatory?
James Muldoon 355
The Law of Negligence as Reported in The Times, 1785–1820
James Oldham 383
Review Essay
Taming the Past: Essays on Law in History and History in Law—Robert W. Gordon
reviewed by David M. Rabban 421
Book Reviews
The Codex of Justinian: A New Annotated Translation with Parallel Latin and Greek Text—Bruce W. Frier
reviewed by Paul J. du Plessis 429
Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes: Sovereignty, Justice, and Transcultural Politics—Li Chen
reviewed by Taisu Zhang 430

The full issue can be found here

12 May 2018

BOOK: William KUBY, Conjugal Misconduct : Defying Marriage Law in the Twentieth-Century United States (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781107160262, £ 39.99



Cambridge University Press has published a new book dealing with marriage law and controversial and legally contested marital arrangements in the United States during the 20th century.

ABOUT THE BOOK

Conjugal Misconduct reveals the hidden history of controversial and legally contested marital arrangements in twentieth-century America. William Kuby examines the experiences of couples in unconventional unions and the legal and cultural backlash generated by a wide array of 'alternative' marriages. These include marriages established through personal advertisements and matchmaking bureaus, marriages that defied state eugenic regulations, hasty marriages between divorced persons, provisional and temporary unions referred to as 'trial marriages', racial intermarriages, and a host of other unions that challenged sexual and marital norms. In illuminating the tensions between those who set marriage policies and those who defied them, Kuby offers a fresh account of marriage's contested history, arguing that although marital nonconformists composed only a small minority of the population, their atypical arrangements nonetheless shifted popular understandings of marriage and consistently refashioned the legal parameters of the institution.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

William Kuby, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga
William Kuby is a UC Foundation Assistant Professor of History at the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, where he directs the Africana Studies Program and teaches in the Women's Studies Program.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements
Introduction
1. Matrimonial advertisements, matchmaking bureaus, and the threat of commercialized courtship
2. Hasty remarriage, out-of-state elopement, and the battle against 'progressive polygamy'
3. Eugenic marriage laws and the continuing crisis of out-of-state elopement
4. Trial marriage and the laws of the home
5. Black-white intermarriage, the backlash against miscegenation, and the push for racial amalgamation
6. Averting the crisis: the birth of the marriage education movement
Epilogue
Index

More information with the publisher

BOOK: Paul J. DU PLESSIS, ed., Wrongful Damage to Property in Roman Law - British Perspectives (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781474434461, $110.00



Next month, Edinburgh University Press will publish a new book on the importance of the Lex Aquila on Roman law in Britain, edited by Professor du Plessis from the University of Edinburgh.

ABOUT THE BOOK

A new assessment of the importance of the lex Aquilia (wrongful damage to property) on Roman law in Britain

Few topics have had a more profound impact on the study of Roman law in Britain than the lex Aquilia, a Roman statute enacted c.287/286 BCE to reform the Roman law on wrongful damage to property. This volume investigates this peculiarly British fixation against the backdrop larger themes such as the development of delict/tort in Britain and the rise of comparative law.

Taken collectively, the volume establishes whether it is possible to identify a 'British' method of researching and writing about Roman law.

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Paul J. du Plessis is Professor of Roman law in the School of Law at the University of Edinburgh. His research include Roman law, medieval interpretations of Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, the historical development of the civilian tradition in mixed jurisdictions, and the relationships between law and history and law and society in a historical context. He has secondary research interests in the development of European private law, comparative law and international private law.

Paul is the editor of Wrongful Damage to Property in Roman Law: British Perspectives (Edinburgh University Press, 2018), Cicero's Law: Rethinking Roman Law of the Late Republic (Edinburgh University Press, 2016) and New Frontiers: Law and Society in the Roman World (Edinburgh University Press, 2013). He is the co-editor, with John W. Cairns, of Reassessing Legal Humanism and Its Claims: Petere Fontes? (Edinburgh University Press, 2015), The Creation of the Ius Commune: From Casus to Regula (Edinburgh University Press, 2010) and Beyond Dogmatics: Law and Society in the Roman World (Edinburgh University Press, 2007).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Paul J. du Plessis
Matters of Context
1. The Early Historiography of the Lex Aquilia in Britain: Introducing Students to the Digest John W. Cairns
2. William Warwick Buckland on the Lex Aquilia David Ibbetson
3. 'This Concern with Pattern': F.H. Lawson's Negligence in the Civil Law Paul Mitchell
4. Student's Digest: 9.2 in Oxford in the Twentieth Century Benjamin Spagnolo
Case Studies
5. Revisiting D.9.2.23.1 Joe Sampson
6. Reflections on the Quantification of Damnum Alberto Lorusso
7. Causation and Remoteness: British Steps on a Roman Path David Johnston
8. Roman and Civil Law Reflections on the Meaning of Iniuria in Damnum Iniuria Datum Giuseppe Valditara
9. Lord Atkin, Donoghue v Stevenson and the Lex Aquilia: Civilian Roots of the 'Neighbour' Principle
Robin Evans-Jones and Helen Scott
10. Conclusions Paul J. du Plessis
Index

More information with Oxford University Press

10 May 2018

BOOK REVIEW: Alexander DENZLER, Über den Schriftalltag im 18. Jahrhundert. Die Visitation des Reichskammergerichts von 1767 bis 1776 [Norm und Struktur] (Köln: Böhlau)

(image source: Böhlau)

Anette Baumann (Giessen) reviewed Über den Schriftalltag im 18. Jahrhundert Die Visitation des Reichskammergerichts von 1767 bis 1776 [Norm und Struktur] (Köln: Böhlau) for the Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte (2016).

See fulltext here.

BOOK REVIEW: Carsten GROTH: Hanse und Recht. Eine Forschungsgeschichte (Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 2016)

(image source: Duncker & Humblot)

Ulrich Andermann reviews Carsten Groth (Hrsg.), Hanse und Recht. Eine Forschungsgeschichte  [Freiburger Rechtsgeschichtliche Abhandlungen] (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) for the Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte.

Fulltext here.

ADVANCE ARTICLES: Comparative Legal History

(image source: Routledge)

"Spirit without letter: How volkish Nazi law falls outside Fuller’s and Hart’s concepts of law" (Gavin Byrne)

"From sovereignty to modernity: revisiting the Colebrooke-Cameron Reforms – transforming the Buddhist and colonial imaginary in nineteenth century Ceylon" (Niranjan Casinader, Roshan De Silva Wijeyaratne & Lee Godden)

"An itinerary on Latin-American legal historiography" (Abelardo Levaggi)

"Late to the party: chronicling the role of the courts in the continuing evolution of UK public law" (Robert Brett Taylor)

"Legal traditions. A dialogue between comparative law and comparative legal history" (Thomas Duve)

"Review Article: What is (or perhaps should be) the relationship between legal history and legal theory?" (Geoffrey Samuel)

"Book Review: The Church of England and divorce in the twentieth century: legalism and grace" (Henry Kha)

"Book Review: Human rights after Hitler: the lost history of prosecuting axis war crimes" (Tom Buchanan)

For more information, go to Taylor&Francis online.

09 May 2018

CALL FOR PROPOSALS: Sources in Early Modern Economics, Ethics, and Law (Second Series) (Christian's Library Press Series)

(image source: Acton Institute)
Continuing in the line of its predecessor, this series publishes original English translations and editions of early modern religious texts in the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law. Representing a variety of confessional traditions and methodological approaches, these texts uncover the foundations of the development of these and related disciplines.
General Editors
Andrew M. McGinnis, Acton Institute, USA
Wim Decock, KU Leuven, Belgium
Editorial Board
Jordan J. Ballor, Acton Institute, USA
Christiane Birr, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Germany
Stephen Bogle, University of Glasgow, Scotland
Alejandro Chafuen, Acton Institute, USA
Ricardo Crespo, Universidad Austral and CONICET, Argentina
Virpi Mäkinen, University of Helsinki, Finland
Richard A. Muller, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA
Herman Selderhuis, Theological University Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
John Witte Jr., Emory Law School, USA
Zhibin Xie, Tongji University, China

Call for proposals

CLP ACADEMIC, AN IMPRINT OF THE ACTON INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGION LIBERTY, is pleased to announce a call for proposals for works to appear in Sources in Early Modern Economics, Ethics, and Law (Second Series). This series publishes original English translations and editions of early modern religious texts in the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law. In the modern era these disciplines often have been detached from the religious and theological context in which they developed. This series seeks to uncover the early modern religious foundations and contexts of these and related disciplines and to provide access to previously inaccessible texts that will contribute to interdisciplinary research. Proposals must be for either an original English translation of a work from the early modern period (ca. 1450-1725) or an edition of a previously unpublished English work from that period (e.g., a work existing only in manuscript). For the purposes of this series, the disciplines of economics, ethics, and law are broadly understood, and proposed texts may include works in the fields of political economy, moral philosophy, moral theology, social ethics, ecclesiastical law, civil law, and common law, as well as theological works that significantly engage one or more of these fields. Proposals for a translation or edition of a complete, single work are preferred, though proposals for selections of writings by a single author, or for an anthology of related selections from multiple authors, will also be considered. 

Practical details:
SEND PROPOSALS AS AN EMAIL ATTACHMENT TO AMCGINNIS@ACTON.ORG PROPOSALS SHOULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:
• bibliographic information on the source text and its authoritative early modern edition(s)
• list of any modern editions or translations of the work
• names and contact information for the proposed translator(s) or editor(s)
• word count of the original source text (approximate) brief English summary of the text (approximately 350 words)
• description of the text's significance in its own era andfor students and scholars today

See flyer for more practical details.

BOOK: Jean-François NIORT and Olivier PLUEN, eds., Esclavage, traite et exploitation des êtres humains. Du Code Noir à nos jours (Paris, 2018). ISBN 9782247159000, €52.00


(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Dalloz has just published a book on legal historical aspects of France’s involvement with slavery and the slave trade, on the basis of the colloquium “Esclavage et droit du Code Noir à nos jours” which was held in 2015.

ABOUT

Loin d'être un phénomène révolu et propre à l'époque coloniale, les diverses formes d'asservissement et d'exploitation des êtres humains sont en pleine expansion et constituent l'un des grands défis planétaires du xxie siècle. En 2016, l'ONG spécialisée Walk Free estimait en effet à près de 46 millions le nombre de personnes réduites en esclavage ou soumises à des pratiques analogues dont la traite, la servitude et le travail forcé.

La France, à l'instar des autres États européens, n'est pas épargnée, et a été contrainte de réagir avec la loi du 5 août 2013 et le Plan d'action national triennal de lutte contre la traite des êtres humains lancé l'année suivante. Le colloque dont est issu le présent ouvrage s'est donné pour ambition d'étudier les modalités du dispositif français de lutte contre ces atteintes, d'en évaluer l'application concrète, et de dégager des perspectives d'amélioration, notamment par le biais des rapports de la Commission nationale consultative des droits de l'homme (CNCDH), autorité de référence à cet égard.

Cependant, dans le sillage des liens officiels établis par les institutions internationales comme l'UNESCO entre passé et présent, ainsi qu'à travers le choix du lieu du colloque - la Guadeloupe, territoire marqué par l'esclavage colonial français et son héritage -, le but était également de revenir sur les aspects mémoriels et historiques de ces pratiques, en faisant notamment le point sur les dernières avancées scientifiques à ce sujet, et d'évoquer au passage la question des « réparations ».

Au-delà, l'ouvrage propose une vue rétrospective d'ensemble, du Code Noir à nos jours, soulignant la continuité temporelle du phénomène malgré les abolitions, mais aussi des analyses et des réflexions critiques, de même qu'un certain nombre de propositions d'ordre théorique et pratique, telle que la constitutionnalisation de la prohibition de l'esclavage, à l'exemple d'autres pays.

Sous la direction de Jean-François Niort et Olivier Pluen.
Contributeurs : Jacques Adélaïde-Merlande, Jean Allain, Mamadou Badji, Jacques Bangou, André Bendjebbar, Pierre H. Boulle, Frédéric Charlin, Geneviève Colas, Alexandre Deroche, Didier Destouches, Marcel Dorigny, Prosper Ève, Pascale Forestier, Laurence Hibade, Mehdi Keita, Gérard Lafleur, Jim Lapin, Christine Lazerges, Anne Lebel, Éric de Mari, Jean-François Niort, Éric Panloup, Olivier Pluen, Frédéric Régent, Jérémy Richard.
More information with the publisher

BOOK: Howard PASHMAN, Building a Revolutionary State : The Legal Transformation of New York, 1776-1783 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018). ISBN 9780226334356, $90.00



University of Chicago Press has just published a book on the legal transformation of New York during the Revolutionary War.

ABOUT THE BOOK

How does a popular uprising transform itself from the disorder of revolution into a legal system that carries out the daily administration required to govern? Americans faced this question during the Revolution as colonial legal structures collapsed under the period’s disorder. Yet by the end of the war, Americans managed to rebuild their courts and legislatures, imbuing such institutions with an authority that was widely respected. This remarkable transformation came about in unexpected ways. Howard Pashman here studies the surprising role played by property redistribution—seizing it from Loyalists and transferring it to supporters of independence—in the reconstruction of legal order during the Revolutionary War.

Building a Revolutionary State looks closely at one state, New York, to understand the broader question of how legal structures emerged from an insurgency.  By examining law as New Yorkers experienced it in daily life during the war, Pashman reconstructs a world of revolutionary law that prevailed during America’s transition to independence. In doing so, Pashman explores a central paradox of the revolutionary era:  aggressive enforcement of partisan property rules actually had stabilizing effects that allowed insurgents to build legal institutions that enjoyed popular support.  Tracing the transformation from revolutionary disorder to legal order, Building a New Revolutionary State gives us a radically fresh way to understand the emergence of new states.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Howard Pashman is an associate attorney at Karlin Associates, LLC in Chicago. He was a research fellow at the Indiana University Center on the Global Legal Profession.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction
1. Law and Property in Colonial New York
2. Confronting Disorder
3. A Bonanza of Tory Goods
4. The Enemies of the State
Conclusion
Appendix
Notes
Bibliography
Index

More information with the publisher

BOOK: Richard DUNLEY, Britain and the Mine, 1900-1915 : Culture, Strategy and International Law (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). ISBN 978-3-319-72820-9, $ 109.00



Palgrave Macmillan has just published a book on mine warfare, international law, and Britain’s relationship with these issues during the early 20th century.

ABOUT THE BOOK

This book examines Britain’s complex relationship with the mine in the years 1900-1915. The development of mine warfare represented a unique mix of challenges and opportunities for Britain in the years before the First World War. The mine represented the antithesis of British maritime culture in material form, and attempts were made to limit its use under international law. At the same time, mine warfare offered the Royal Navy a solution to its most difficult strategic problem. Richard Dunley explores the contested position occupied by the mine in the attitudes of British policy makers, and in doing so sheds new light on the overlapping worlds of culture, strategy and international law. 

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Richard Dunley is Principal Records Specialist at the National Archives, UK. His previous publications examine British defence, strategic and foreign policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction Pages 1-7
Mining in a Cultural Context Pages 9-21
British Attitudes to Mining Before 1904 Pages 23-44
Mine Warfare in the Russo-Japanese War: The Royal Navy Perspective Pages 45-71
The Russo-Japanese War: Outrage and Reaction Pages 73-95
Mining and International Law: Britain and the Hague Conference Pages 97-130
The Strategic Shift: The Origins of British Mine Warfare Pages 131-163
Development and Institutionalisation: Offensive Mining 1906–1909 Pages 165-192
Strategic Flux and Technical Failure Pages 193-224
The Test of Conflict Pages 225-266
War, Law and Diplomacy Pages 267-295
Conclusion Pages 297-303

More information with the publisher